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Hōʻoia makahiki

E hoʻohana ai i ka pūnaewele Alphagreenvape pono ʻoe i makahiki 21 a ʻoi paha. E ʻoluʻolu e hōʻoia i kou mau makahiki ma mua o ke komo ʻana i ka pūnaewele.

Hoʻohana mākou i nā kuki e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i kā mākou pūnaewele a me kāu ʻike e nānā iā ia. Ma ka hoʻomau ʻana e nānā i kā mākou pūnaewele ʻae ʻoe i kā mākou kulekele kuki.

E kala mai, ʻaʻole ʻae ʻia kou mau makahiki.

Ua lilo ka mālama ʻana i ka paka i ke ʻano nui o ke ao holoʻokoʻa, a ʻo ka waiwai o nā uahi paka uila "hoʻoliʻiliʻi hōʻino" koʻikoʻi

I kēia manawa, ʻoiai ke alualu nui nei ka lehulehu i kahi ola olakino, nā ʻāina a puni ka honua e kaohi loa ana i nā kūpaka mau. Ma waena o nā lālā 194 o WHO, 181 mau lālā i hoʻopaʻa i ka ʻaha Framework onKāohi paka, e uhi ana i 90% o ka heluna o ka honua. Ke hoʻolālā nei nā ʻāina i kā lākou iho hoʻoliʻiliʻi puhi a i ʻole nā ​​hoʻolālā puhi ʻole.

Akā i kahi ʻoiaʻiʻo ʻole e hōʻole ʻia, aia ma kahi o hoʻokahi piliona puhipaka puhipaka maʻamau i ka honua. Inā ʻaʻohe mea ʻē aʻe a i ʻole nā ​​mea hoʻopihapiha i nā huahana ʻē aʻe e hoʻolako i nā mea kūʻai kūpaka maʻamau me nā koho a me nā mea hiki ke loaʻa, he paʻakikī loa e hoʻokō i ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā helu puhipaka a i ʻole nā ​​hoʻolālā puhi ʻole i hoʻokumu ʻia e nā ʻāina like ʻole. ʻO ka puka ʻana o nā huahana uahi paka uila i hoʻopiha i kēia wahi i kahi manaʻo.

I kēia manawa, global e-uahi pakahiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā huahana i ʻelua mau ʻano: ʻaʻohe uahi a me ka uahi ʻole e like me kā lākou hoʻohana ʻana. Ma waena o lākou, aia nā huahana uahi e like me kā lākou kumumanaʻo hana, hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia i ʻelua mau ʻano: nā uahi uila atomization a me nā uahi uila wela-ʻole-wela (HNB). Hoʻokumu nā puhaka atomika uila i ke kinoea ma o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana i ka wai no ka poʻe e puhi; Hoʻopuka nā kūpaka uila HNB i ke kinoea e ka hoʻomehana ʻana i ka paka, kahi kokoke i ka uahi maoli. E pili ana i kēia, ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa nā kūmaka uila atomika mai nā kūpaka mau. ʻOkoʻa wale nā ​​sika uila HNB ma ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana i ka uahi.

No laila, i kēia ʻano, he kūpana kūpanaha nā ʻāpana kūmole uila o nā huahana uahi paka uila. I loko o kēia hōʻike, inā ʻaʻole i hōʻike ʻia ma kahi ʻano ʻē aʻe, nā huahana puhi paka uila ʻo ia nā uahi atomized uila.

Ka hōʻemi hōʻino”ʻO ka waiwai kūʻai o ka uahi paka uila

Mai kona hoʻokumu ʻana i ka makahiki 2003, e-uahi pakanā huahana i undergone oi ma mua o umi makahiki o ka ulu. Ua lilo ka huahana huahana i mea ʻoi aku ka hemolele, a ua hoʻomaikaʻi mau ʻia nā hana a me ka ʻike. I ke ʻano, nā "hōʻemi hōʻino" ʻano oʻapu-u ua loaʻa mālie ka ʻike mākeke a me ke ʻano ʻoihana.

Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpaka mau, ʻaʻole puhi nā puhaka uila, ʻaʻole i loko o ka tar, a ʻaʻohe mea i loko o 460 mau mea kemika e hiki ai ke hōʻeha i nā maʻi hanu a me nā maʻi puʻuwai ke puhi ʻia nā kūpaka maʻamau, no laila e hoʻopau ana i nā carcinogens i nā puhipaka maʻamau. .

Ke manaʻo nei ka noiʻi CDC ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa i ka ʻike o loko o ka nitrosamine metabolite ponoʻī NNAL i ka mimi o nā mea hoʻohana nebulized / vapor e-cigarette (ENDS) haʻahaʻa loa, ʻo ia ka 2.2% o nā mea hoʻohana paka a me 0.6% o ka paka uahi ʻole. mea hoʻohana. ʻO nā nitrosamines kikoʻī ka paka nui nā carcinogens i ka paka. Ua ʻōlelo pū nō hoʻi ka hui olakino Pelekane e hoʻohālikelike ʻia me nā kūpaka mau, hiki iā ia ke hōʻemi i nā pilikia olakino ma 95%. Hiki ke ʻōlelo ʻia ua hoʻoholo ʻia ka paio ma waena o nā koi olakino o nā mea kūʻai kūpaka kuʻuna a me nā ʻehaʻeha o ka hoʻāhu paka ʻana i kahi nui.

ʻO Pan Helin, ka luna hoʻomalu o ka Institute of Digital Economy o Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, i ʻōlelo ʻo ka "hoʻoliʻiliʻi hōʻino" hiʻohiʻona o nā e-cigareki kāna waiwai nui, a he koi nui ka mākeke, no laila wikiwiki ka hoʻomohala ʻana. . A ʻo Yao Jianming, he polofesa ma ke Kula ʻoihana ʻo Renmin University o Kina, ua ʻōlelo ʻo ia nā huahana e-uahi paka i mea hou loa i ka manaʻo a hiki ke hoʻokō ʻia me ka concretely i ka hana, a he waiwai ia i ke kaiāulu.

Hiki i nā E-cigareti ke hoʻemi i ke kumukūʻai o nā lilo lapaʻau

ʻO nā maʻi a me nā ukana waiwai i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka puhipaka ka mea nui o ka nānā ʻana i ka nohona. Wahi a kahi hōʻike 2018 a ka Action for Smoking and Health ma United United Kingdom, nā lilo makahiki o ke UK ma muli o ka puhipaka i hōʻea i 12.6 biliona paona, me ka British National Health Service (NHS) no nā lilo olakino a me ke olakino ma kahi o 2.5 biliona paona.

Ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, e like me ka "Makahiki Hoʻolilo Kālā Hoʻolilo Loaʻa ʻia i ka Puhi Puhi Uila: He Mea Hou" i paʻi ʻia ma ka 2014 e ka American Journal of Preventive Medicine, kahi loiloi o nā hoʻolilo lapaʻau mai 2006 a 2010 i loaʻa he 8.7% o nā lilo lapaʻau makahiki. hiki i ka United States ke hāʻawi ʻia i ka puhipaka, a hiki i 170 biliona kālā US i kēlā me kēia makahiki; ʻoi aku ma mua o 60% o nā lilo kūpono e uku ʻia e nā papahana lehulehu.

I Kina, kahi hōʻike a ka National Health Development Center o ka National Health Commission ua kuhikuhi i ka ukana waiwai o nā maʻi pili i ka paka i koʻu ʻāina i ka makahiki 2018 he 3.8 trillion yuan, like ia me 4.12% o ka GDP o kēlā makahiki; ʻo 83.35% ka ukana hoʻokele waiwai ʻole, ʻo ia hoʻi, Loss kaiaulu o ka hana, e like me ke kīnā a me ka make mua.

I ka manawa like, hoʻopau ka maʻi e pili ana i ka paka i ka 15% o nā kumuwaiwai olakino o koʻu ʻāina. Inā manaʻo ʻia he maʻi ia, a laila hiki ke koho ʻia i ka lua.

No laila, ma ka hoʻēmi ʻana i ka mahele o nā mea kūʻai kūpaka kūpuna ma o nā uahi paka, e hoʻemi ʻia nā kumu kūʻai lilo lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā kumu kūʻai kaiāulu ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻike ʻo ka British Health Organization hiki i nā e-cigareti ke hoʻonui i ka helu kūleʻa o ka hoʻāhu paka ʻana ma kahi o 50%. ʻO kēia ke kumu i manaʻo nui ai ka UK i nā huahana e-cigarette ma mua o ka US. ʻO ka United Kingdom a me ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa nā mea kūʻai nui o ka uahi atomika uila i ka honua. Kākoʻo ke Aupuni Mōʻī Hui Pū ʻIa i nā ʻeokeo e like me kahi huahana no ka poʻe puhipaka kuʻuna e haʻalele i ka puhi ʻana a hoʻoliʻiliʻi paha i ka pōʻino o nā kūpaka mau.

"Ke kaulahao ʻenehana + brand" ʻelua mau huila e hoʻonui ai i ka waiwai ʻoihana

Mai ke kuanaʻike o nā hoʻolālā hoʻomohala honua, ke hoʻomau nei ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka pālākiō o ka mākeke e-cigarette a hoʻomau ka hoʻonui ʻana o kāna mahele. ʻO nā hui paka ʻehā nui i ka honua, ʻo Philip Morris International, ʻo British American Tobako, ʻo Japan Tobacco, a ʻo Imperial Tob paka ka mea i loaʻa i ka mākeke ma o ka loaʻa ʻana a me ka hoʻouka ʻana i kāna mau pono ponoʻī; i kēia manawa, nā huahana e-uahi paka (e like me nā e-hikareti, nā H-N e-pākeke) helu no ka mahele o ka loaʻa Loaʻa 18.7%, 4.36%, 3.17%, 3.56% pakahi, e hōʻike ana i kahi piʻi piʻi.

ʻOiai ʻo Kina ʻo ka ʻoihana e-uahi paka i hoʻomaka lohi, loaʻa iā ia nā mea maikaʻi i ke kaulahao ʻoihana. Aia nā ʻoihana e-uahi paka Kina i kahi kūlana alakaʻi loa i ka waena a me luna o ke kaulahao ʻoihana. I kēia manawa, ua hana lākou i kahi kaulahao ʻoihana piha mai nā mea kūʻai aku i luna e hoʻolako i nā mea hoʻolālā e-cigareti a me nā mea hana, a me nā ʻoihana kūʻai aku i lalo. Mālama kēia i ka wikiwiki wikiwiki o nā huahana e nā ʻoihana e-cigareki Kina a me ka ʻike ʻana i kahi hana hana e hoʻohui nei i ka R&D, ka hoʻolālā a me ka hana.

I ka manawa like, no ka mea, maopopo leʻa kipaku ʻia nā e-ʻie e nā ʻenehana a me nā huahana, a ʻoi aku ka nānā ʻana o nā ʻoihana Kina i ka ʻike o nā mea kūʻai aku, e hoʻololi ʻia kēia i kahi keu pono o nā māka e-cigareti Kina, hiki koke maopopo i ka ʻai ʻana ma nā pae waiwai a me nā wahi moʻomeheu ʻē aʻe i nā ʻāina ʻē. Nā Pono. Manaʻo ʻo Yao Jianming ʻo ka internationalization o nā mea kūʻai aku e pono e kūlike me nā ʻano nohona kūloko, ka moʻomeheu, nā loina, a pēlā aku, i mea e wehe ai ka mākeke kūwaho.

No kēlā mau ʻoihana e-cigareki Pākē i hoʻololi ʻia mai nā ʻoihana Pūnaewele, hiki iā lākou ke hoʻokau ʻia e ka ʻike o ka mea hoʻohana, maikaʻi i ka hoʻohui ʻana i nā kaulahao ʻoihana, a hiki i kā lākou huahana ke hoʻokō i ka wikiwiki wikiwiki, ka mea maopopo leʻa i ko lākou hoʻonui ʻana o ka mākeke kūwaho. I kēia manawa, ʻo RELX, ke alakaʻi i kēia kahua ma Kina, ua loaʻa kāna 25% o kāna loaʻa kālā āpau a ke ulu mau nei.

No laila, ʻaʻole like me nā māka kelepona e like me Xiaomi a me Huawei, hiki ke kūkulu i nā pono ʻoi loa ma o ka mākeke kūʻai kūloko ikaika a me ka lehulehu ma mua o ka hele ʻana i nā ʻāina ʻē, ʻaʻohe o nā e-cigareki ʻo Kina ma lalo o ka mana o nā kulekele. Inā ma kēia pōʻaiapili, inā kūpono ke kaohi, a hiki i ka laikini Kina e-uahi paka ke kūkulu i kahi ʻike ikaika i waho o ka ʻāina, e lilo ia i kūmole maikaʻi no nā māka Kina e hele i waho.

I kēia ala, ka hilinaʻi ʻana i ka "chain chain Industrial + brand" ʻelua mau huila e hiki ai ke hoʻokō i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ka waiwai o nā e-cigareti Kina i loko o ke kaulahao ʻoihana honua.

Kākoʻo kūpono i nā lama e-uahi paka e hoʻomaikaʻi i kā lākou waiwai kūʻai haole

Ma muli o ke kūlana kaulahao ʻenehana kūikawā o Kina, ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka mākeke e-cigarette i kumu hoʻohālikelike o “Hana ʻia ma Kina, ʻAi ʻia ma ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika.” I ka makahiki 2018, ʻoi aku ka nui o 90% o ka nui o ka honua holoʻokoʻa i hana ʻia ma Kina i nā kūpaka uila i hana ʻia ma Kina a ua kūʻai ʻia aku i nā mākeke ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika. Wahi a ka ʻike Leyi, ma ka makahiki 2019, he 218 mau ʻāina a me nā wahi a puni ka honua i kūʻai mai i nā uahi-e mai Kina, a ʻo ko Kina waiwai kūʻai aku he 76.585 biliona yuan.